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Christmas, Carnival and so much more! Check out the numerous festivals that Rio de Janeiro has to offer throughout the year.
The city is host to a wonderful set of local festivals. It’s best to check what events are on before you arrive in Rio de Janeiro so that you can see as much as you can in your time here.
Without a doubt, the most famous event of the year is the Rio Carnival. This festival is known around the globe and sees millions of tourists flying down to join in the fun parades and dancing!
Rio partakes in Christmas (25th December) festivities the traditional Christian way by decorating Christmas trees with various embellishments.
Sometimes instead of a conventional pine tree, tropical trees are used for decorations. Prayers are held in churches on Christmas Eve and celebrations, and fireworks are on full swing till the advent of New Year. Along with the song, dance and music, many visitors land up at the Rodrigo de Freitas lagoon to view the world’s tallest floating Bradesco Seguros Christmas Tree.
Rio partakes in Christmas festivities the traditional way by decorating the Christmas tree with various embellishments.
Sometimes instead of a conventional pine tree, tropical trees are used for decorations. Prayers are held in churches on Christmas Eve and celebrations and fireworks are on full swing till the advent of New Year. Along with the song, dance and music, many visitors land up at the Rodrigo de Freitas lagoon to view the world’s tallest floating Bradesco Seguros Christmas Tree.
On 31st December every year, people of Umbanda religion gather at the Copacabana, Leblon and Ipanema beach to honour the sea goddess, Iemanjá.
Since Iemanjá is also the goddess of Carnal pleasures; followers have to satiate her cravings every year with celebrations marked by dancing, smoking and trance.
In the evening, decorated rafts with flowers, gifts and perfume and rice offerings onboard, is set out in the sea to please and thank the goddess. Whether believers of Iemanjá or not, Rio locals join the celebrations to welcome the New Year enthusiastically.
Brazil’s Independence Day which falls on September 7, is a public holiday for all nationals.
Rio natives celebrate their independence with a lot of excitement and joy. Thousands of people come out on the streets to celebrate their freedom from Portugal. Various kinds of embellishments such as balloons, streamers and banners decorate every nook and corner of the city.
There are parades in schools, and the Brazilian flag is hoisted in all public and government organizations with great pride. In the evening there are fireworks displays in the city square, which is worth watching.
Festas Juninas is a traditional festival celebrated in honour of Saint John.
Generally, this festival is celebrated during the winter season in Brazil and summer in Europe. The story behind this celebration goes that Saint John’s mother Elizabeth wanted to announce the arrival of her son. So she lit a fire and erected a pole with a doll placed on the top to announce his birth. Today, this festival is celebrated in honour of three saint’s St. John, St. Anthony, and St. Peter, who was born during June.
The festival is celebrated in churches, schools, city squares by lighting bonfires, playing games, dancing and singing.
The world-famous Carnival is celebrated all over Brazil. However, it is Rio de Janeiro that is known as the Carnival capital of the world. The festival starts on Friday and ends on the Ash Wednesday.
A typical Rio carnival parade is filled with revellers, floats, and adornments from numerous samba schools which are located in Rio (more than 200 approximately, divided into five leagues/ divisions). The Samba Schools’ Parade (Desfile das Escolas de Samba) is the high point of the Carnival in Rio and takes place in the Sambadrome’s Prof. Six special groups of samba schools perform each night, having up to 80 minutes to march down the runway. The winner of the Samba Parade is elected on Wednesday, and the Winners Parade is held on Saturday.
The Rio Carnival parade is filled with music and dance, and several costume gala balls are held at the central hotels in the city.
Like the Carnival, New Year’s Celebrations are also a major part of the festivities in Rio.
Most famous among them is the celebration on the Copacabana beach, which attracts millions of tourists each year. One of the most popular parts of the event is the fantastic fireworks display, which goes on for about thirty minutes. It is an absolute delight to watch the sparklers light up the night skies. People throng onto the streets to enjoy the illuminations and witness the grand fireworks display.
Hotels, houses, restaurants and the whole city is lit up with decorations. Various shows, concerts and other entertaining events are organized to celebrate the forthcoming year (and the end of the previous one). Ringing in the New Year with a midnight Champagne toast is considered to be lucky, so get involved!
The city of Rio celebrates the Day of St. Sebastian on 20th January every year. To celebrate the day of its patron, St. Sebastian, festive processions are organised. The parade passes through the lanes of Tijuca, the Center and the Glory. Rio has a public holiday on the day of the celebration, and over a hundred agents are appointed to control the city crowds. This festival is celebrated in honour of St. Sebastian, who became a martyr due to his faith in Christianity.